What is Functional Footwear?


A wide, flat, asymmetric toe-box


The thickness of the sole will vary depending on the activity (forces acting on the foot) and the terrain. In activities that require maximum sensory feedback, a thin sole is appropriate, but in activities that expose the foot to large, repetitive loads (marathon running) or unstable, irregular substrates (trail running), a thicker sole to provide more cushioning or increased traction is appropriate.



As the foot ages it’s flexibility, strength and adaptability is reduced. Therefore, the biomechanical stimuli associated with thin soled, flexible shoes and considered beneficial to a young foot maybe destructive to an older foot (>40 years).

It is important to remember that if the human brain receives too much sensory input it will be perceived as potentially harmful and be felt as pain in the organ being stimulated. Too much light is felt as pain in the eyes, too much noise is felt as pain in the ears and too much “ground feel” is felt as pain in the feet.